Adult male deer, called bucks, can weigh 300 pounds and stand about 3 1/2 feet high at the shoulders. The females are smaller with an average weight of about 125 pounds. Most deer are brown or gray in color. At birth, baby deer, fawns, are spotted with white and weigh 3-6 pounds. Deer may run up to 40 miles per hour through tangled terraing in a forest. That is really FAST! Deer have good eyesight and great hearing, but depend mainly on smell to detect danger. Deer are good swimmers and often enter large streams and lakes to escape danger.
Most skunks are the same size as a house cat and can live as long as 7 years. Skunks are best known for their odor defense. They are able to shoot a fine spray of foul-smelling musk. The spray is aimed at the face and causes intense irritaion if it reaches the eyes. Skunks are chiefly nocturnal - moving around at night in search of food and avoiding contact with people. Skunks are friends with foxes, raccoons and coyotes, and groups of skunks often use the same homes as these animals, but at different times of the year.
A beaver can be 4 feet long, weigh 60 pounds and might live for 19 years. They are very social animals, living and working together with other beavers. Their large front teeth help them chew through the bark of trees, both to build their lodge, and to eat the bark. Their teeth stick out in front of their lips, enabling them to cut and chew wood under water without getting water in their mouths. Their broad tails function as rudders, helping beavers to maneuver large logs to their lodges and dams. A beaver's front teeth never stop growing; beavers must gnaw, chew, and chop nearly all the time.
About twice the size of your house cat. Bobcats in captivity may live up to 32 years, while wild bobcats live about 13 years. The cat is named for its short tail. The Bobcat has a ruff of fur around the sides of the face. They are always spotted. Bobcats' fur is short and dense and yellowish or reddish brown with black spots. They have tufted ears and white whiskers. These tough little cats will eat almost anything, and are natural born survivors. Bobcats are solitary animals. Young leaver their mother before the next litter is born. They are mainly nocturnal.
Rabbits grow up to 2 feet long and weigh 4 pounds. Ears are large and the hind feet are larger and longer than the front feet. The tail of this rabbit looks like a tuft of cotton, giving it the common name of cottontail rabbit. Rabbits are herbivores meaning they eat plants. Rabbits usually spend their entire lives in an area the size of 10 acres or less and rarely move farther than a mile.
Bears are large animals and can weigh up to 860 pounds. Bears have big heads and small eyes. They have very strong legs. Bears live in all parts of the world except for Antarctiva, Africa and Australia. Bears find dens in the winter. They go to sleep in the den. They sleep all winter. This is called hibernations. Bears eat a lot of food to get ready for winter. We would have to eat 50 hamburgers and 12 large orders of fries every day for two weeks to get as big as these bears. Baby bears are called cubs. When cubs are born, they are about the size of a squirrel. Brow bears have a hump on their back; other bears do not. They get these humps from climbing trees. A lot of brown bears live in Alaska. The black bear lives in the forests in the mountains around here. Black bears have black to dark brown fur. They have long noses. Also, they have long claws. They us the claws to dig, tear and climb.
Adult Raccoons are 3 feet long and weigh from up to 30 pounds. Raccoons have a black mask over their eyes and a heavily furred, ringed tail. Raccoons are nocturnal, and look for food at night. Raccoons fear nothing and will live close to people. Beware of raccoon's temper. They are nasty when cornered or caged, so do not provoke them. Always respect animals. Raccoons are omnivores, which means they will eat most anything and have an endless appetite. They investigate every smell and every unusual sight for something to eat.
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